Princess Juliana Anicia (), daughter of the Anicius Olybrius, Emperor of the is available in facsimile and is now referred to as the Juliana Anicia Codex . PDF | The Greek pharmacopeia of Pedanius Dioscorides (20–70 CE), entitled Peri Ylis Ialikis (latinized as De Materia Medica, On Medical. Ancient Greek Illustrated Dioscoridean Herbals: Origins and Impact of the Juliana Anicia Codex and the Codex Neopolitanus. Article (PDF.

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The reader may wish to refer to Greek, Latin, or other versions: The ornate basilica of St. In addition to the text by Dioscorides, the manuscript has appended to it the Carmen de herbis attributed to Rufusa paraphrase of an ornithological treatise by a certain Dionysius, usually identified with Dionysius of Philadelphiaand a paraphrase of Nicander ‘s treatise on the treatment of snake bites. View 10 previous comments. Additional images in the archetypic source including different stages of the same plant could have provided the copyists working on JAC and NAP the opportunity to select different images to fulfill their commissions.

For almost two millenia Dioscorides was regarded as the ultimate authority on plants and medicine. The series of frontispieces in the manuscript begins with two full-page miniatures, each having a group of seven noted pharmacologists. Dioscorides compiled his medical treatise at the suggestion of a fellow-physician, Areius.

File:Kestron fol v Juliana Anicia Codex – Betonica – Wikimedia Commons

From what little we know about her personal predilections, it appears that she “directly intervened in determining the content, as well, perhaps, as the style” of the works she commissioned. He is flanked by three pairs of other physicians, seated on stones or the ground. With all this in mind, I believe the information in this document is still of interest and benefit to us, after all this time.


The first two books have illustrations of the birds inserted into the text columns without frame or background for example, see nuliana.

Many treatments considered acceptable two thousand years ago are useless or harmful. The second pair are Apollonius Mys and Nicander. He had access to the library at Alexandria, and may have studied at Tarsus.

The Materia medica remained fundamental to Byzantine pharmacology; like other much used medical texts, it was rearranged for ease of use in later centuries. The notes in Arabic add a wonderful extra historicity to the pages – and it is amazing how fresh they look after 1.

Vienna Dioscurides

While it is not my intention to contribute to the controversy surrounding the true identities of the plants, minerals, and creatures in De Materia Medica, where available I have suggested possible plant names, with an indication of other plants using the same name today. Of special note is the dedication miniature portrait of Anicia Juliana on folio 6 verso. Whence Juliana, the glory of her blessed parents, inheriting their royal blood in the fourth generation, did not disappoint the hopes of the empress, the mother of a noble race, but raised this from a small temple to its present size and beauty.

The early Middle Ages is a murky period in codxe for the study of vegetables, but a copy of the Codex of Dioskorides dating from vodex ad is illuminated with pictures of plants. Vienna Dioscorides; Juliana Anicia Codex. When used as a purgative, juice from the tuberous root-stock was applied externally, either over the bowels and bladder region or on the codec.


Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index

It was destined to jhliana one of the most famous books on pharmacology and medicine but is also richin horticulture and plant ecology. Dioscorides also recommended the Arum root as an expectorant. The encircling inscription proclaims Juliana as a great patron of art. A decoction taken as a drink with wine helps those bitten by harvest spiders.

In all he described some one thousand remedies using approximately six hundred plants and plant products. This page was last edited on 5 Septemberat The root also being urinary is applied to stir up sexual intercourse [aphrodisiac].

It is certain, however, that, in A. The manuscript was restored and a table of contents and extensive scholia added in Byzantine Greek minusculeby the patriarchal notary John Chortasmenos in Codexx Juliana entertained political ambitions of her own is uncertain, but it is known that her husband declined to take up the crown during the riots.

Ankcia mandrake root he is looking at is held by the personification of Epinoia the power of thought. He was a contemporary of the Roman, Pliny, whose monumental work on natural history the history of the world mentions about different plants.

Vienna Dioscurides – Wikipedia

Listed as Codex Vindobonensis Medicus Graecus 1. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Closest to Galen are Crateuas and Dioscurides.