Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.

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Structure of chaparramarin, a quassinoid from Castela tortuosa.

Previous studies have demonstrated the insecticide activity of these compounds in Tetranychus urticae, Myzus persicae, Meloidogyne incognita Latif et fxmilia. Regarding the amebicide activity of quassinoids Wright et al.

Quassinoids from Ailanthus excelsa. Quassiols B-D, new squalene triterpenes from Quassia multiflora.


Simarkubaceae species of the Simaroubaceae family display prominent antitumor activity, and the main genera are: In vitro anti-microbial activity of the cuban medicinal plants Simarouba glauca DC, Melaleuca leucadendron L.

New findings on simalikalactone D, an antimalarial compound from Quassia amara L. Antimalarial activity of simalikalactone E, a new quassinoid of Quassia amara L. In vivo antimalarial activities of Quassia amara and Quassia undulata plant extracts in famklia. Antiprotozoal Trypanossoma brucei and T. Chemical constituents Sincethe Simaroubaceae family has been the subject of many studies regarding its chemical constitution, and numerous compounds have been isolated and their structure has been elucidated; among these, quassinoids, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids, coumarins, anthraquinones, flavonoids and other metabolites Barbosa et al.

These compounds were found in species of the genera Castela, Picrolemma and Simarouba Chart 1. Jiao, W,H, Gao, H. Antiulcerogenic effects and possible mechanism of action of Quassia amara L.

Quassinoids and tetranortriterpenoids from Picrolemma granatensis. Most of the isolated quassinoids have a twenty damilia skeleton Curcino Vieira and Braz-Filho, ; Guo et al. AECHL-1, a quassinoid isolated from Ailanthus excelsa, inhibited the growth of melanoma, prostate cancer, carcinoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines.


Many quassinoids have been deemed the responsible agents for alterations in feeding behaviour and growth regulation of insects Govindachari et al. The chemical compounds of this nature were, initially, known as “quassin”, after a physician named Quassi used the bark of Simaroubaceae plants to treat fever. Bruce antin, a potent amoebicide from the plant Brucea antidysenterica. Simalikalactone D also showed great in vivo and in vitro activity Bertani et al.

Chemical structures of three new triterpenoids, brucea javanin B, and a new alkaloidal glycoside, brucea canthinoside, from the stems of Brucea javanica Simaroubaceae. Qualitative and quantitative High Performance Liquid Chromatographic analysis of simatoubaceae in Simaroubaceae plants.

Simarubàcies – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Chaparramarin, found in Castela tortuosa, famiila growth inhibitory activity against Heliothis virescens Kubo et al. Hypoglycemic effect of quassinoids from Brucea javanica l. Plos One 4, e The preparation and purification of quassin and neoquassin, with information concerning their molecular formulas. Antidiabetic activity of standardized extraxt of Quassia amara in nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Due to the chemical diversity previously described for many species of Simaroubaceae family, it is worth noting that it can be characterized as a promising source of bioactive molecules with remarkable research potential.

Quassinoid constituents of Quassia amara I.

Simaroubaceae – Wikispecies

In vitro inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum by substances isolatade from Amazonian antimalarial plants. Tirucallane, apotirucallane, and octanorapotirucallane triterpenes of Simarouba amara.

Materials and methods Information regarding the botanical descriptions, the isolated and identified chemical constituents, and the pharmacological activities of isolated compounds or crude extracts of the main species of Simaroubaceae family, were retrieved from books and original articles found in several databases Medline, SciFinder, Periodicos Capes, Simaroubacear Direct, Scopus and Web of Science in the period from towas performed.

Simaroubaceae standardized extracts in rodent models. Comparative anatomy of the secondary xylem in the gruinales and terebinthales of wettstein with reference to taxonomic grouping. A quassinoid glucoside from the bark of Castela tortuosa. Simaroubaceae extract and its bioactive principles in rats. Faimlia des-4methylpicrasane quassinoids from Picrasma javanica.


In a recent review, Barbosa famillia collaborators described 39 quassinoids isolated from nine species of the genus Simaba. Constituants amers de Castela tweedii Simaroubaceae.

Non-quassinoid constituents from the twigs and thorns of Castela polyandra. Kundu and Laskar reported 91 terpenoids, quassinoids included. Cytotoxic constituents of the twigs of Simarouba glauca collected from a plot in southern Florida. ssimaroubaceae

Ailanthus vilmoriniana

Quassiol A, a novel squalene triterpene from Quassia multifrora. In addition to the ethnopharmacological uses, plants from the Simaroubaceae family can be highlighted for their chemical diversity, since the presence of quassinoids, alkaloids, terpenes, steroids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, coumarins, saponins, monoand sesquiterpenes, among others, have been determined.

Evaluation of the analgesic and antiedematogenic activities of Quassia amara bark extract. Identification of simaroybaceae growth inhibitor principles in Ailanthus altissima and Castela tortuosa. Rivero-Cruz and collaborators confirmed the cytotoxic activity of four canthinone derived alkaloids, isolated from Simarouba glauca, against human colon cancer, human oral epidermoid cancer, human hormone-dependent prostate cancer and human lung cancer cells.

Lothario Meissner, – Jd. Planta Med 53 3: Previous reports also found these compounds elicit anti-inflammatory activity Guo et al.

The studies of Fernando and collaborators on simsroubaceae sequence variation clearly showed that Simaroubaceae is polyphyletic, which based the recognition of the families Surianaceae sensu Cronquist, Kirkiaceae and Irvingiaceae, previously segregated to Simaroubaceae. Simaroubaceae growing in Democratic Republic of Congo. Quassinoid constituents from the twigs and thorns of Castela polyandra.