From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .

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Social needs are thus handled through various disorganized activities focused on individual needs, which in turn inadequately deals with the social basis of individual welfare, thus detracting from individual welfare. Thus also, by being the instrument of reconciliation, it will be more than an instrument.

Judgment, Imagination, and Politics.

Powerful stuff, and frightening, but vital and useful, too. Selected Early Writingspp. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. This work sets out a distinction between objective and subjective, or instrumental, reason and then examines the consequences of the latter without the former.

Lenin and others who thought a undeveloped nation horkheimdr Russia could establish socialism, the revolution would eventually succeed on an international level. Specifically, the reasonable nature of the purpose of action is irrelevant – the ends only serve the purpose of the subject generally self-advancement or preservation.

Overall rating No ratings yet 0. Horkheimer is my sort of thinker. But the optimism should not be overestimated, because happiness is construed in a solely negative manner. Differing forms of government become simply other patterns to which we must adapt, not question. The Political Economy of the Mass Media. One can certainly find much pessimistic rhetoric in both Dialectic and Eclipse that supports such a notion.


Max Horkheimer

The Institute began as a Marxist study group started by Felix Weil, a one-time student of political science at Frankfurt who used his inheritance to fund an institution that would support his leftist academic aims. Is That Mic Off? God and Reason in the Middle Ages. Despite this, Max and Maidon would marry in and remain together until her death in Wiggerschausp.

A critical theory which exists in dialogue with critical social movements capable of questioning both the means and ends of the social reality as vital forces toward heading off the revolts of nature which allow the subject to coopt him or herself into the very refinement of his or her domination.

Subjective and instrumental reason rise with the capitalist society. Political Ideas in the Romantic Age. The Eclipse of Reason is an unrelenting assault on the various disciplines that fall prey to what Horkheimer describes as subjective reason. Science Logic and Mathematics.

Literary Encyclopedia | Eclipse of Reason

While deservedly influential, Dialectic of Enlightenment and other works from that period should not be separated from the context of Horkheimer’s work as a whole. George Santayana o – Prometheus Books. Furthermore, it makes clear that the solution to these problems is to be found in the formation of a more rational social order, which is described in terms of a socialist planned economy.


Critique of Instrumental Reason: Yet there is a universal feeling of fear and disillusionment. He associates the decline in objective rationality in philosophy with a mechanical worldviewdisenchantment and the decline of a belief in a living or holistic nature.

In this attempt, certain characteristics of experience are emphasized and developed into coherent world views that have putatively universal validity, and describe the significance of the world and human life pp.

Objective reason deals with ends, determining actions by how reasonable their purpose is. Four elements become key: Thus formalistic reason becomes a species instrumental reason. The reduction of reason, in the techno-positivist intellectual apparatus of industrialized mass culture societies, is both a consequence of and a contributing factor to the loss the individual’s ability to push back against the hyper-efficient systems of social domination created by the techno-rational impetus of our means of scientific production and engineering both in the mechanical and social senses.

Nietzsche and the Political. In an economically advanced and educated Germany came a fanatical regime which in the course of twelve years tried its best to transform the entire world order. Nov 08, Mark rated it it was amazing Shelves: