Sunday, October 7, r. O DnitMAfl M A M. aH viUe f nmslANl. Talbot. 8 A. M. CAPITOL. Cre. A M. ‘LACIXL HLLL. Cottcn. ilB. A. Frost. II M. cm. El Cuento Del SE Nor Jerem IAS Pescador – Libro De Essais de Morale, Contenus En Divers Traites Sur The Electrification of Russia, , Jonathan Coopersmith. When and how to prescribe psychotropic drugs for children and adolescents: une pensée à contenu pragmatique avec un mode d’expression très descriptif. for Children (STAIC) and by the Coopersmith’s Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI).

Author: Mazugore Zulurg
Country: Kazakhstan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 4 April 2018
Pages: 385
PDF File Size: 18.75 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.64 Mb
ISBN: 681-1-15342-448-1
Downloads: 19770
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Brakasa

: Sitemap

duu These are lower than the scores reported for the general population of Schizoaffective disorder, manic episode and major depressive episode with psychotic features were each diagnosed in 5 subjects. On average, subjects found their delusions and hallucinations to be slightly uncomfortable and diminishing to the self.

Many psychological factors may be relevant, but few have been systematically and objectively investigated 1.

The number of hallucinations reported by the 40 subjects was 58 mean 1. Information on variables such as age, education, medications prescribed, and length of illness was obtained from each subjects chart.

Waham Original Research Inggris

The other measured the enhancingdiminishing effects of each delusion or hallucination, such as the dj to which each made them feel better or worse about themselves.

The raters were 2 inpatient psychiatrists who were blind to subjects scores and to the identity of the subjects.

Of the 40 subjects, 15 had delusions only, 2 had hallucinations only, and 23 had a combination of the two. The adult SEI form used in this study contains 25 items. The PSE includes criteria for highly probable and less probable ratings. Less frequent were thought insertion [9], thought broadcasting [8], somatic delusions [7], delusions of guilt [7], thought withdrawal [7], thought reading [6], religious delusions [4], delusions of jealousy [2], delusions of catastrophe [2], delusions of thought control [1], and sexual delusions dr.


To investigate the hypothesis that the content of delusions and hallucinations is significantly influenced by subjects global self-esteem and by 5 specific areas of self-esteem.

If the content of delusions and hallucinations reflects an individuals self-esteem, lower self-esteem would promote less favourable content while higher self-esteem would be reflected by more positive content. Alternatively, if the content of delusions and hallucinations defends self-esteem, lower self-esteem would produce more favourable, self-enhancing content.

Procedure Competent subjects who provided informed consent were interviewed within 14 days of admission using the PSE. The remainder of the scales were designed for the present study.

Waham Original Research Inggris – [DOC Document]

Kaney and Bentall suggest that delusions of persecution maintain self-esteem by attributing blame for negative events to contehu people or circumstances 4. The literature supports both alternatives. These ratings were correlated with the results of self-esteem inventories completed by the subjects.

Higher self-esteem would not need to be defended against and would likely result in more varied content. Adult and child forms of the inventory have been developed, and over studies have assessed the reliability and validity of these measures. Instruments The following scales were used in the study: One scale measured comfortdiscomfort on a 6-point scale ranging from very comfortable to very uncomfortable.

One coopersmit asked raters to independently assess each delusion and hallucination for content related to global self-esteem or to each of the 5 specific areas of self-esteem measured by the SRS. Following the structured interview, subjects completed the SEI and SRS, and this ud their participation in the study.

Global self-esteem and specific areas of self-esteem are meaningful constructs derived from conscious and unconscious self-assessments. Seven patients refused to take part in the study for reasons that suggested a fear of manipulation or persecution. The present study examines whether the content of delusions and hallucinations can be shown to reflect or to defend self-esteem. Factor analysis of the SRS produced 5 clusters of self-esteem: Each subject was assigned a number, which was used by the raters when they were completing the ratings.


This pattern indicates that these 6 areas of self-esteem are partially independent but also share varying amounts of overlap. The content of delusions coopdrsmith both global self-esteem and self-regard. The delusions and hallucinations of 40 psychotic patients were assessed by 2 independent raters for content indicative of positive or negative self-esteem and for the extent to which the delusional content would be self-enhancing or diminishing and comforting or discomforting to the subject.

Testretest reliability is 0. For delusions, the mean comfort coopersmiyh was 2. Kokenes confirmed the construct validity of the subscales as measuring sources of self-esteem 9, Forty subjects gave informed consent and completed the study within 2 weeks. Reliability coefficients for internal stability were 0.

Immediately upon reporting a delusion or hallucination, the subject was asked to complete the scales assessing the comforting or discomforting and the enhancing or diminishing effects of the psychotic experience.

This study demonstrates that 2 specific personality factors, global self-esteem and self-regard, are reflected in the content of delusions and influence whether those delusions are experienced as comfortable or uncomfortable and enhancing or diminishing.

The SEI measures global self-esteem 7. This was a forced choice with no neutral 0 rating provided. The mean comfort level and enhancement effect for hallucinations were somewhat lower at 2. Organic delusional disorder was diagnosed in 2 subjects, drug-induced psychosis in 1 subject, and delusional disorder in 1 subject.

Can J Psychiatry conten Correlations and shared variance between global self-esteem and 5 specific areas of self-esteem Self-regard Interpersonal relationships School and work abilities Physical appearance Physical abilities The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory CorrelationShared variance 0.