The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Page 1. Page 2. The aim of the present study was to examine the suitability and accuracy of using the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) in chronic schizophrenia.

Author: Vugore Dile
Country: Vietnam
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 18 March 2017
Pages: 490
PDF File Size: 20.76 Mb
ePub File Size: 20.75 Mb
ISBN: 273-7-80432-999-2
Downloads: 76272
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kakazahn

Login using

We report on the rapid effectiveness and safety of ECT during the first trimester of pregnancy in a year-old woman with severe catatonia. Catatonia is a frequent psychomotor syndrome, which has received increasing recognition over rwting last decade.

A prompt diagnostic evaluation should identify any underlying diseases with consideration of somatic pathologies, especially those affecting central nervous system function. Childhood onset schizophrenia COS and catatonia C are rare and severe psychiatric disorders. However, there is only one reported case of SSPE presenting as catatonia among children. The BFCRS is currently the preferred rating scale for the detection of catatonia due to its five minute administration time and reliability and validity.

Intoxication may also be found illegal drugs or medicationand the role of neuroleptic malignant syndrome in catatonia remains unclear. Tijdschr Psychiatr 6: However, the disorder actually occurs as a clinical expression of many different psychiatric, neurologic, or medical diagnoses. Am J Geriatr Pyschiatry. Catatonia as presenting clinical feature of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

Symptom profile and short term outcome of catatonia: Case series and qualitative literature review. Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification IBGC is characterized by movement disorders and various neuropsychiatric disturbances including mood disorder. The first three editions of the DSM included the ratint and simplified version of Kraepelin’s catatonia concept.


The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Identifying the catatonic symptoms preceding autonomic symptoms could aid in distinguishing malignant catatonia from NMS. Acta Psychiatr Scand 89 4: Patients receiving the lorazepam-diazepam protocol were identified. Fink M, Taylor MA.

Other diagnoses included mood disorders 7; A bilingual rating scale was constructed to determine teachers’ ratings of attitude and proficiency among Anglo and Spanish ftancis in Title VII classes. In our study, we aimed to investigate demographic, clinical, and treatment-related characteristics of catatonic patients managed in our inpatient clinic. Undiagnosed catatonia can increase morbidity and mortality, illustrating the need to effectively screen patients for presence of catatonia as well as ratinv response to treatment.

A year-old male with autism and mild mental retardation developed malignant catatonia characterized by classic symptoms of catatoniabradycardia and hypothermia.

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be francia as a potential conflict of interest.

In contrast, general psychiatrists tend to consider catatonia as related to schizophrenia, which may be the reason why the diagnosis of our patient was difficult.

Thirteen had the diagnosis of schizophrenia, two had the rrating of major depressive disorder, two had bipolar disorder, one had postpartum depression, and one had herpes ratkng encephalitis. Both patients were treated with lorazepam, diazepam or electroconvulsive therapy ECT. Most of the patients presenting with catatonia were diagnosed as having psychotic disorders 40; We suggest that ECT might be considered as a valid and safe option in the therapeutic decision-making process when catatonic symptoms manifest during pregnancy.


The complete mechanisms are still partly unknown. The word catatonia is Greek for tension insanity, a concept developed by Cayatonia to describe a new illness.

catatonia rating scale: Topics by

Validity was harder to assess because of the lack of established diagnostic criteria. The Unspecified Catatonia category could encourage research exploring catatonia as an independent diagnostic.

Psychiatric assessment included socio-demographic, clinical and psychometric variables: The ANOVA revealed that each of the groups showed a distinctive catatonic symptom pattern and that the overlap between diagnostic groups was minimal.

We present observations from the treatment of four individuals with catatonia in Haiti and Rwanda, and introduce a treatment protocol for use in resource limited settings Methods Four patients from rural Haiti and Rwanda with clinical signs of catatonia and ratimg positive screen using the Bush-Francis- Catatonia Rating Scale were treated collaboratively by general physicians and mental health clinicians with either lorazepam or diazepam.

Their responses to benzodiazepines were compared, with retrospective rating on a 7-point scaleto that for catatonia episodes associated with mania and schizophrenia.