The Apology of St. Aristides of Athens (translation by M. R. James). On Early Christian Writings. Aristides also, a believer earnestly devoted to our religion, left, like Quadratus, an apology for the faith, addressed to Adrian. His work, too, has been preserved. Here follows the defense which Aristides the philosopher made before Hadrian the King on behalf of reverence for God. All-powerful Cæsar Titus Hadrianus.

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And how, prayis he a god who does not save himself?

Ipse immobilis est atque praeter quemcumque terminum et circuitum: For if the body of a man while ariistides is many in its parts is not in dread, one member of another, but, since it is a united body, wholly agrees with itself; even so also God is one in His nature.

Herakles next they bring forward and say that he is a god, who hates detestable things, a tyrant, and warrior and a destroyer of plagues. And of Osiris also they say that he is a serviceable god.

Apology of Aristides

For they were created by God for the sake of men, in order to supply the alology of trees and fruits and seeds; and to bring over the sea ships which convey for men necessaries and goods from places where they are found to places where they are not found; and to govern the quarters of the world. If then gods be pursued and wounded by gods, and some be kidnapped and some struck dead by lightning, it is obvious that the nature of their gods is not one.

Since, then, we have addressed you concerning God, so far as our aristises can bear upon him, let us now come to the race of men, that we may know which of them participate in the truth of which we have spoken, and which of them go astray from it. So too those have erred not a little who thought concerning fire that it is God: And when they see a stranger, they take him in to their homes and rejoice over him as xristides very brother; for og do not call them brethren after the flesh, but brethren after the spirit and in God.

For a god who is stolen away is very powerless.

And he Zeus cast out Kronos fettered into darkness. Wrath and indignation he possesses not, for there is nothing which is able to stand against him. In other projects Wikipedia.


The Apology of Aristides

It is impossible that a god should be bound or mutilated; and if it be otherwise, he is indeed miserable. Sacrificiis, oblationibus et hostiis Ipse non indiget, neque, ulla in re, visibilibus creaturis opus habet; quia omnia replet, et omnium egestatibus satisfacit, Ipse numquam indigens ac semper gloriosus.

I also by reflection learned that aristives world and all that is therein is by necessity and force guided and moved and of the whole God is controuler and orderer: And he Zeus cast out Kronos fettered into darkness. And it is manifest that that which causes motion is more powerful than that which is moved. If then it becomes us to admire a god which is seen and does not see, how much more praiseworthy is it wristides one should believe in a nature which is invisible and all-seeing?

Apology of Aristides – Wikisource, the free online library

And as for their words and their precepts, O King, and their glorying in their worship, and the hope of earning according to the work of each one of them their recompense which they look for in another world, you may learn about these from their writings. But it is an insult that apolohy these things should be found with a god.

And since Minucius Fundanus and his predecessor Granianus were consuls suffect in the years andit is not unreasonable to suppose that they held the Asian pro-consulate in the years A. There are, however, no internal grounds for rejecting the thrice-bested dedication to Hadrian, his predecessor, and the picture of things in it, that it is moved by compulsion: Apparently this is the tract published by Lagarde in his Analecta, pp.

Eusebius said that he was an Athenian philosopher aristldes and that Aristides and another apologist, Quadratusdelivered arixtides Apologies directly to the Emperor Hadrian.

Were the elements and the stars, says he, made for the self-congratulation and self-exaltation of the bat, the frog, orthe man? And at last he was killed by Titanos. Whereas it is impossible that the divine nature should be afraid and flee, or weep and wail.

The work contained a systematic statement of our doctrine, that is, an Apology for the Christians, which is still extant and off regarded by philologians as a monument to his qpology.

He then proceeds to the description of the Christians. At id quidem absurdum est. On this account, then, it is impossible that we should represent him as God who is man by nature, one to whom sometimes, when he looketh for joy, grief happens; and for laughter, and weeping befals him; one that is passionate and jealous, envious and regretful, along with the rest of the other defects: If then Dionysos were a god, and when he was being killed was unable to help himself, how is it possible that he should help others?


Our Syriac Apology certainly contains no trace of an allusion to Dionysius the Areopagite; on the other hand it fairly enough teaches the Divinity of Christ.

The Apology of Aristides the Philosopher

The very same charge is made by Justin in his dialogue with Trypho 8who uses language very similar to that of the Epistle of James, and in discussing the miseries which have befallen the Jewish race, says pointedly “Fairly and justly have these things come upon you; for Ye slew the Just One.

Since the Greek version found in Barlaam and Ioasaph is widely available online, we here give the longer version preserved in Syriac.

And he utters oracles for men that he may receive rewards from them. And when they grow old, and are worn away through lapse of time, and when they are molten and crushed to powder, how, I wonder, did they not perceive concerning them, that they are not gods?

And when Osiris was killed by Typhon his brother, Isis fled with Horos her son to Byblus in Syriaand was there for a certain time till her son was grown.

At the time we have a passage which is found only in the Syriac, but which is shown by internal evidence to contain original elements: If then Herakles is a god, and in all these calamities was unable to rescue himself, how should others ask help from him?

And again they say of Dionysus that he too is a god, who celebrates festivals by night and teaches drunkenness, and carries off women that do not belong to him: It is manifest 32O Ruler, for there are four tribes 33 of the human race.