Third Reich: Alfred Baeumler’s ‘Heroic. Realism’. The nazis, it has long been held , were not interested in ideas.1 Arendt’s influ- ential thesis of the ‘banality of. Using the prominent National Socialist philosopher Alfred Baeumler as a prism, this article is an attempt to shed a more nuanced light on the Nietzsche/National. From Alfred Baeumler, Studien zur deutschen Geistesgeschichte (Berlin: Junker und Duennnhaupt Verlag, ), pp. ,

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Retrieved from ” https: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rather, an extreme pride is in order here. Junker und Duennnhaupt Verlag,pp. The herd instinct is basically altogether different from the instinct of an “aristocratic society,” composed of strong, natural men who do not permit their basic instincts to languish in favor of a mediocre average — men who know how to curb and control their passions instead of weakening or negating them.

In the face of the overpowering strength of the race, what happens to the individual?

When we call National Socialism a world view we mean that not only the bourgeois parties but also their ideologies have been annihilated. For, finally, what is the use! His critique of religion is a criticism of the priest, and arises from the point of view of the warrior, since Nietzsche demonstrates that even the origin of religion lies in the realm of power.

Baeumled is only a tool, a detail in the totality of life. Only ill-willed persons could maintain that everything that has been created by the past must now be negated. Nietzsche’s Nordic and soldierly valuation opposes that of the Mediterranean world and that of the priests. In opposition to the philosophy of the conscious, Nietzsche asserts the aristocracy of nature. It believed in reason, it was rational, but it was “political” only in that it denied the feudal system; it was unable to erect an enduring political system of its own and was capable only of breaking the path for the economic system of capitalism.


The spiritual forces which have formed the German bourgeoisie in the last several centuries have been Pietism, the Enlightenment, and Romanticism.

He returns — as a single member in a community. This individualism was not of a religious-sentimental character. Even in this connection, Nietzsche has supplied baeumlsr deepest meaning: If in doing so he becomes the apologist for the “unconscious,” this “unconscious” is not to be understood in terms of depth pyschology. In ourselves, through us, they rise struggling to the surface; they exist only as long as we make ourselves responsible for them. The development of moral values is the work of unmoral passions and considerations.

Nietzsche and National Socialism stand on the other side of the traditions of the German bourgeoisie. Thomas Mann read Baeumler’s work on Nietzsche in the early s, and characterized passages of it as ” Hitler prophecy”.

But for thousands of years a life-weary morality has opposed the aristocracy of the strong and healthy. We call Nietzsche the alfrrd of heroism. This treatise deals with the great politics of virtue.

Nietzsche and National Socialism

What does that mean? This can be done only by one community, one race, one people The accent with which we pronounce these words today we heard from Nietzsche for the first time. The accompanying faith will come by itself — of that you can be certain.

Here speaks the man who knows how much courage, how much pride, is necessary to maintain himself in the face of Fate. In contrast, Romanticism saw man again in the light of his natural and historical ties. What would Europe be without Germany? The foundations of Christian morality — religious individualism, a guilty conscience, meekness, concern for the eternal salvation of the soul — all are absolutely foreign to Nietzsche. When Nietzsche warns, “Be true to the Earth!


One must have the need to be strong, otherwise one never will be. The wholly different individualism of the Enlightenment also worked in this direction.

And if today we shout “Heil Hitler! It is this order which Nietzsche undertook to establish in opposition to the existing one.

But his most personal and lonely possession, the negation of bourgeois ideology as a whole, has today become the property of a generation. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. No deed can be undone by repentance.

Alfred Baeumler

Return to Main Index. The movement that led from Herder to Goerres, to the brothers Grimm, Eichendorff, Arnim, and Savigny, is the only spiritual movement that is still fully alive. Rather, we mean that we have entered into a new relationship with our past, that our view has been cleared for what was truly forceful in this past but which had been clouded by bourgeois ideology.

In a word, we have discovered new possibilities for understanding the essence of German existence. His books were published in Italy in the late s by the Edizioni di Ara far-right publishing house. But that is only a half-truth if we do not regard him at the same time as the philosopher of activism.